Louis Carrogis, 1717 - 1806, a k a Louis de Carmontelle, a draftsman, painter, garden designer, party planner, and military surveyor invented a visual amusement to which he gave no name. A miniature diorama, an apparent precursor of the movies, it displayed landscape art on transparencies in a box device. The story of the invention is told in a wonderful little book by Laurence Chatel de Brancion, Carmontelle's Landscape Transparencies: Cinema of the Enlightenment, a J. Paul Getty Museum publication, 2007.
The transparencies, some reproduced for the book, are described as a "fantastic traveling shot through the places where the ancient regime went up in flames and a new world was starting to emerge."
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