In our time, the "pernicious industrialization of vision" is alleged to have produced a "displacement of visual subjectivities and the standardization of visual experience". The contemporary vision machine is said to induce picnolepsy, a dissociative, disorienting condition based on a confusion of the actual and the virtual.
A fellow with a cellphone in a car driving through the streets of Lagos, Nigeria captured an image of a group of men with a hyena in chains. Sellers of herbs and amulets, the men travel the backwaters in taxis, employing the creature in shows that draw crowds. The image was e-mailed to a friend in South Africa. The friend, a professional photographer, immediately boarded a plane to see for himself.